Rajgir, the capital of the Magadh Mahajanpad before the foundation of Patiliputra is named after Raj Griha, literally meaning the” Royal palace”.The town sprawls in a valley amidst scenic surroundings and is one of the most important tourist and Buddhist pilgrim centers and Buddhist pilgrim Centers in India lord Buddha is said to have spent several years here . During his stay ,he delivered sermons and proselytized Mauryan emperor Bimbisar ,at the Griddhakoota hill .Rajgir is reverently mentioned in great epics – Ramayana and Mahabharata .it is also a sacred site for the j Jains and Hindus.Lord Mahavira, the 24th Jain tirthankara and founder of Jainism ,meditated and delivered his sermon here.The hills around Rajgir are dotted with beautiful Jain Shrines . the town is also an excellent health and winter resort .the hot water ponds here possess curative properties, which helped in the cure of many skin diseases .
Rajgir city was the earliest capital was the kingdom of Magadha .it is the that would ultimately emerge into the mauryan empire.
In the Mahabharata calls it is ‘Girivraja’ .
it is also described in Buddhists and jain scriptures that provides the names barring geographical context.
The city of rajgir is sacred because of the founders of both the religions buddism and Jainism and related to both the legends ,lord buddha and lord Mahavira.
It was at this places that gautama buddha spent many,months mediating and conducting sessions at Griddhkuta(hill of the Vultures).He also delivered few of his popular sermons and made king Bimbisara and several others to accept Buddism.
Rajgir is also popular for its togetherness with Haryanka kings Bimbisara and Ajatashatru held his father Bimbsara as captive in this city.
Rajgir is famous for its economial importance. several small industries have located in and around the city paving way for the faster development of the city
it was the seat of the royal physician jivaka who is said to have treated the wound of lord Buddha here.
it was built during 6th century B.c by Ajatasatru , the king of magadha .The 6.5 sq meter stupa is also believed to have been built by him
King Bimbisara was imprisoned here by his son Ajatashatru . Bimbisara is said to bhave chosen the site for his incaceration ,as from here he could see lord Buddha Climbing atop the Griddhakuta hill to do his mediation.
Chariot Route Marks:
The strange marks cut deep into rock are believes to be of Lord Krishna’s chariot ,When he visited Rajgir during the epic Mahabharata period
Cyclopean wall :
The relics of the wall which once encircled the town can be seen at the exit of Rajgir to Gaya .it is one of the few remnants of Pre-Mauryan structures.
Griddhakuta Hilland Shanti stupa:
Lord Buddha set in motion his second wheel of law at Griddhakuta hill .he delivered many sermons from here and his teaching were first recorded in writing at this sacred site .The buddha sangha of Japan built a huge Shanti Stupa, atop the hill to Commemorates the event.The Stupa can also be reached by an aerial ropeway
Hot sulpur springs :
it lies at the base of the Vaibhava hills and has separate bathing places fro men and women .the water is said to have curative powers Above the springs are Pippala Cave, also known as”Jarasandh ki baithak”
Saptaparni Cave :
The first Buddhist council was convened here after the Mahaparinirvana of Lord Buddha .
Rajgir is well connected By air,By Bus,By Train
By Airport :Nearest Airport Gaya (34kms)and Patna(101kms)
By railhead: Gaya Railway station 78 kms
By Road : Well connected by road