Nainital is situated in Uttrakhand, it is a famous city of North India.
Hotels in Nainital
This beautiful lake resort nestles amidst seven hills in a lush valley at an altitude of 1938 meteres . In 1841,The British first discovered Naini Tal as a holiday resort Today, It has emerged as one of the most important hill resorts of India.
The Nani Lake is the identity as well as the backbone of the place. There are many legends in scriptures that signify the presence of this place many,many years ago.
The ‘Manas Khand’ of the ancient scripture ‘Skanda Purana’ says that the place was traditionally known as the ‘Tri-Rishi-Sarovar. Tri means ‘three,’ Rishi means ‘Sage,’and Sarovar means ‘the lake.’ Together the place was known as the lake of three sages and was named after the three rishis,Atri, Pulastya, and Pulaha.
The legend says that Goddess Parvati was very angry with her father King Daksha for not inviting her and Lord Shiva (her husband) to an occasion. She took it as an insult and jumped into the fire and became Sati. While the grieving Lord Shiva was carrying the dead body of her sati to Kailash Parbat, her left eye fell into the lake. Hence, the lake got its name Nainital as ‘Nain’ means ‘ an eye.’ It is also one of the 64 ‘Shakti Peeths’ in the country. Every shakti peeth is a holy place where a body part of the Sati fell.
One more historic reference says that the place existed during the pre-historic period. It was ruled by the Khasi dynasty and hence was called the ‘Khasidesh.’ It had around 60 lakes that eventually disappeared due to deforestation and climatic changes.
Nainital was a popular summer vacation resort for the British. In 1817, the commissioner of Kumaon, G.W. Traill was the first European to visit the place. However, he did not mention about the place among his folks in order to retain the religious sanctity of the place.
Later on, almost after 20 years, the British sugar trader P. Barron found the lake while finding his way out of the hills where he went for hunting with his friend. He was so mesmerized with the place that he decided to settle down here and built a colony for Englishmen on the banks of the lake. The place was also visited frequently by the legendry hunter Jim Corbett to hunt man-eating animals.
Nainital offers a mixed bag of culture and religion owing to many tribal and local inhabitants diversified by immigrants from other places. The language, dialects, folk lores, mythology, festivals and the entire gamut of such things influences the culture and traditions of this town.
Every part of this Kumaoni region exhibits folklores and legends of Gods and Goddesses connected with the Shakta, Shaiva and Vaishnava reign and their tradition. As per Atkinson, British personnel, there are 250 Shiva Temples and 35 Vaishnava Temples out of which 64 Shiva Temples and 8 Vaishnava Temples are devoted to ‘Shakti’ or ‘the female form’. The Shakta Temples are located in Almora, Nainital, Gangolihat, Pumagiri, Kot-Ki-Mai and Kotgari Devi.
The local Gods worshipped here are Naina Devi,Nanda Devi and Sunanda Devi , Bholanath , Kail Bisht Haru, Churmal, Gwalla Devta in Chitai, Champawat and Ghorakhal, Gangnath Airy, Saim and Chaumu .The Temples here are devoted to nine Goddesses and Lord Shiva Temples are established at Binsar, Bageshwar, Baijnath, Gangnath, Pancheshwar, Rameshwar and Thalkedar.
Jaggar is a form of Ghost and Spiritual worship coupled with a folk song and a traditional dance that consists of over 50 ballads dedicated to Gods, Goddesses, Spirits, Ghosts, Gangnath, Bholanath and Gorilla.
The date of worship is fixed by the Chief Priest of the town which includes a huge fire pit burnt with hot coal and wood around which the locals sit and a soft drumming and singing that gradually increases in volume along with fits of shouts, high jumps and pounding of their feet, tearing off clothes, poking their mouths with hot fire pokers and touching the hot fiery burning coal in their state of trance surprisingly without being harmed or hurt which is the form of evoking spirits to appease them so that they bless the people and the entire Kumaon region.
Locals present these spirits with a sacrificial Goat or a large Bird to please them and the ceremony ends when the maddening activities and spell breaks which concludes with the spirits going back to their abode amidst the Himalayas.
The eye shaped lake named after Goddess Naina Set amidst lush hills is said to be formed when the eye of Goddess Sati fell here. The Naina Devi temple at the northern end of the lake marks the exact spot where the eye of sati is said to have fallen . The gaily coloured yachts sail the waters of the lake is a sight to behold.
Popular picnic a height of 2,610 metres .Breathing view of the Himalayas and entire lake region.
Laria kanjta :
Picnic spot at an altitude of 2481 metre. Affords panoramic views of the Himalayas.
Pilgrim site well known for spectacular sun-set views.
High Altitude Zoo:
Animal living at high altitudes can be seen here.
The magnificent Nanithal Govt.House modelled after the famous Buckiungham palace was built in March 1900. Its 50acres lush golf couse was opened fo public in 1994.
Nainithal is well connected to :
By Airport: Nearest Airport Patnagar (71km)
By Train : Nearest railway station Is Kathgodam (35km)and well connected to lucknow ,Agra,Delhi and Kolkata.
By Road : Well connected by road Almora,Dehradun ,Delhi,Haridwar , Kausani.