Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
Kullu is situated in Himachal Pradesh, it is a famous city of North India.
Kullu town is set on the banks of river Beas in the strikingly beautiful Kullu Valley also known as the ‘ valley of gods’
The name of the Kullu District is derives its name from ‘kalut’ Which was the tribe of upper valley of River Beas, as mentioned by Barahmir in Barihat Sahinta. There are other evidence in history and literature that conform that the name of this part was kalut and the letter ‘T’ was dropped from the name with the passage of time .Thus his place got its present name ‘Kullu’.
Kullu district is comprises of two phase- Pre- independence and post independence period. History of the district of the Pre independence period states the kullu was probably the most ancient states next to Kashmir and Kangra.
According to historical accounts, it was founded in the first century of Christian era by Behangamani Pal. Many legends are associated with the name of Behangamani pal. it appears that the people of the higher valley of Kullu at that time were suffering under the repressive regime of the Thankurs of Spiti. Behangamani Pal organised the upper valley first revolution sparked off at Jatatsukh. Subsequently ,pal synasty was thus established. Its original capital was established at Jagatsukh and nearly ten generation ruled from there till it was shifted to nagar which remained as the seat of the Goverment for many as 1400 years till it was finally moved to Kullu.
Their rule continued till about 1,450 when reference is avaliable of Raja Kelas pal. After this , there was long break of about 50 years. it appears the Thakur and the Ranas might have captured power during this period ,forcing the pal Rajas to flee from the valley. it was again in the fifteen century that the name of the Sidh Singh appears as the raja of kullu. He too helped the people in organizing rallies against the Thakurs and estabilished the old Pal Dynasty .Reference may be made to Raja Jagat singh who conqured the fort the madankot which belong to jihna Rana. Above manali. it was during his regime that the famous idol of Raghunathji was brought Ram Ayodhya and installed at the temple of Raghunath at Sultanpur.
The fairs, customs, food habits, beliefs, attire and occupation explicate the hard-earned lifestyle of the aborigines. The people of Kullu believe in simple living and perseverance.
The fairs and festivals celebrated in the valley are an indispensable part of the native ethos.These vibrant fairs carry great religious and economic importance for the people here.
The customs and rituals practiced in the valley depict the simple lifestyle of the natives,living close to Nature.The people here worship deities who are sages, snake gods and other powerful gods and goddesses mentioned in ancient Indian scriptures. Every village has beautiful temples dedicated to these deities.
The people of Kullu are primarily farmers, but now the population has also scattered into emerging occupations as tourism, handloom industry and other skillful fields like computer applications. More than 70% of the people here are literate. This includes an equal ratio of men and women. Govt. sector is one of the most favoured source of employment.
There is a rich tradition of folk arts in Kullu. The excellent temple carvings, vibrant handicrafts , spectacular folk dances and melodious songs show the sensitivity of the people. The exquisitely build temples, castles, and forts are the monuments of an advanced form of architecture and sculpture that flourished in the valley in past.
Raghunath Temple :
This famous Shrine was built in 1657 and dedicated to Lord Ragunath, the Principal deity of the valley. The idol of the presiding deity is said to be brought from Ayodhya, about 400 years ago.
Naggar: The beautiful site of the banks of Beas was the capital of kullu state for over 1400 years. it was founded by Visudh pal and has a 16th century castle, which has now been converted into a hotel. Nagar has three old shrines dedicated to Lord vishnu , Tripura Sundari and Krishna. it is also associated with Nicholas Roerich, an internationally renowned artist from Russia.
Manikaran: This pilgrim center o f Hindu and Sikhs is famous for its hot Sulphur Springs. it has a Gurudwara and temples of Lord Ramchandra and Shiva.
Hadimba Devi Temple: The pagoda style shrine Surrounded by thick deodar tress is dedicated to goddess hadimba of Hirma Devi. it was Built in 1553, by Raja Bahadfur Singh and is the main attraction of manali.
Manu Temple: it is the only temple dedicated to the legendary sage.
Tibetan Monasteries:There are 3 monasteries teo of them are in the town and one at Aleo on the left bank of Beas river.Tibetan handicrafts and carpets can be purchased here.
The Kullu is well connected By air, By Railhead ,By Road
By Airport : The nearest airport for Kullu is at Bhuntar (10km)
By Railhead : Kalka, chandigarh & Pahankot.
By Road : Well connected by road Chandigarh (280km), Shimla (220km)and Delhi (563km)