Amritsar is situated in Punjab, it is a famous city of North India.
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Amritsar , the ‘Spiritual capital of Punjab’ is one of the most important Sikh Pilrimage centres in the country . it was founded in 1577, by Guru Ram Das and was later named as Amritsar, after the sacred pond – Amrit Sarovar or the ‘Pool of nectar’
Amritsar is one of the largest cities of the Punjab state in India.and was named after the lake founded by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Das in 1574 on land bought by him for 700 rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. Earlier Guru Ram Das had begun building Santokhsar Sarovar, near the village of Sultan wind in 1564. It could not be completed before 1588. In 1574, Guru Ram Das built his residence and moved to this place. At that time, it was known as Guru Da Chakk.
A dazzling kaleidoscope of vast cultural heritage and traditions, Amritsar’s diversity never goes out of fashion. This ‘Cultural Hub of Punjab’ has cradled the Punjabi language, giving the Punjabi culture its essence. One can see the most number of Punjabis here, than anywhere else, due to the strength and superiority of its Punjabi language. And gifted the world with many Punjabi writers and poets.
Amritsar has a Proud Past, Glorious present and a Promising Future.The essential spirit of the city not only lies in its Gurudwaras and temples, mosques and Churches, but also in its theatres and galleries, parks gardens, archives and libraries, museums and memorials, havelis and forts. The vibrant festivals, folk dances, scintillating tans continue to delight the travelers. One can linger around the city of Amritsar in the narrow lanes and winding alleys, and explore the traditional bustling markets and lip smacking cuisine. The robust Amritsaris with a tremendous zest for living and great fondness for food are however, the most dominating asset of the city of Amritsar.
Amritsar is the city which is full of temples gardens and Gurdwaras.
The Golden Temple Complex:
The magnificent temple complex set in the ‘heart of Amritsar’ is the holiest shrine of the Sikhs.Its foundations was laid in 1588, by the fifth sikh Guru Arjun Dev ji on a small island in the waters of amrit sarovar and was consecrated on August 16,1604. The temple was virtually destroyed in 1761, by Ahmad Shah Abadli, an Afghan invader. It was restored between 1803 and 1830 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, a great sikh ruler. The gurudwara complex is a fine blend of hindu and Islamic architecture and is regarded as one of the most tastefully decorated shrines of the world. The main shrine called as Harmandar or Darbar Sahib is set in the middle of scared Amrit sarovar pond the original copy of guru granth sahib the holy book of Sikhs is kept covered under a jeweled canopy at the Darbar Sahib during the day and is returned ceremoniously to the Akal Takht at night. Maharaja Ranjit singh covered the dome of the shrine in gold and embellished the interior with lavish decorations. Guru- ka langer , the massive community kitchen overlooking the eastern entrance of the temple complex is a must visit site.
The beautiful walled garden near the Golden temple complex is a major landmark in the history of indian’s struggle for independence. The Martyr’s Memorial built in the shape of an eternal flame of liberty has become a pilgrim site for every Indian.On April 13,1919, Gen.R. Dyer ordered firing on a Peaceful gathering here. A section of wall with bullet marks is still Perserved. The exact number of deaths is still unclear but the official figure show only 379 peoples killed and 1200 injuried. The small Martyr’s Gallery exhibits the pictures and news paper and reports as well other fIrst hand account of this ghastly event.
lakshmi Narain Temple: This important shrine dedicated to Goddess Durga resembles the famous Golden Temple.
Ram Bagh Garden:
The small palace surrounded by beautiful garden was built by Maharaja Ranjit singh . it house a museum displaying weapons dating back to Mughals and Portraits of Various dynasties of Punjab.
Amritsar is well connected
By Rail:Amritsar Railway Station is well linked to other rail heads in the state and also connected to most of the cities in India.
By Road:State run public buses and private buses are available to move in and out from Amritsar. Grand Trunk Road connects Delhi to Amritsar. Luxury buses are available from Delhi.
By Air:Raja Sansi International Airport in Amritsar provides regular service to major cities like Mumbai and Chennai.